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tv   News  Al Jazeera  June 6, 2014 6:00am-7:01am EDT

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♪ the convey of afghan frontrunner abdullah abdullah is targeted in kabul. he escaped unhurt but a number of people are wounded and this is al jazeera live from london and also coming up, the french and u.s. leaders pay tribute to those who died on d-day 70 years ago and lost their lives. eastern ukraine and food and water supplies running low and from rivers to polluted waterways and no one in india is willing to take on the clean-up
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challenge. ♪ we begin with breaking news out of of grand afghanistan where there is an attack on abdullah and a roadside bomb struck his car and body guards and killed four people and abdullah was not injured in the attack we understand but let's get more from kabul with more details emerging. >> we are getting some update in this attack and the interior ministry confirmed four people and among the killed is afghan traffic policeman and his body guard and two supporters and at least 16 people injured. what we know so far is when dr. abdullah finished the campaign rally he sat in the car
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and as soon as he sat in the car a suicide bomber driving a vehicle near the convoy detonated himself and killed four people and injured 16. this vehicle, the suicide bomber vehicle, also had a picture of the campaign so everyone thought he was a part of the campaign and also what we are hearing about the second explosion that it's unknown until now that it was an ied or it was another suicide attacker. >> and any claim of responsibility so far? >> not yet. it is the first direct attack on dr. abdullah and we witnessed a big rally and campaign in the last four months during the first election and runoff and nothing was direct but this was a direct attack and it was a suicide attack and most probably the taliban will take responsibility but have not
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taken responsibility yet. >> latest on the attack in kabul and thanks for that indeed. the president of france and the united states used ceremonies to commemorate the 70th anniversary of d-day to stress continued alliance and gathered at the cemetery in normandy and soldiers killed during the campaign are buried here. d-day landings with part of complex history and it's estimated 13 1/2 how allied german soldiers and 3,000 civilians were killed during the first day of the campaign alone and the turning point in the war and the president spoke of the lasting bond that was forged between the two countries. >> translator: france will never forget what it owes to these soldiers, what it owes to the united states, france will never forget the solidarity between our two nations. >> we are on the beach on
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normandy coast and big event for france and the u.s., what kind of tone did obama strike? >> yes, well obama speaking and recalling the events of 70 years ago, that as salt that took place over a stretch of coastline about 80 kilometers wide on five different beaches describing the scene on the beaches and if you look behind me 70 years ago you would have seen more ships than sea and speaking in the american cemetery where there are buried more than 9,000 american servicemen, the u.s. president gave these poignant words. >> if pray were made of sound the skies over england that night would have deaf ended the world and more than 150,000 souls set off towards this tiny sliver of sand upon which hung more than the fate of a war but
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rather the course of human history. i am honored to return here today to pay tribute to men and women who defied every danger, among them are veterans of d-day. >> reporter: and james also being used for further diplomacy of ukraine, what has been happening with that? >> reporter: we already had a meeting along the french president meeting with vladimir putin the president of russia and we also just seen a meeting between the german chancellor angela merkel and vladimir putin and no advice on what they said but we know ukraine would have been at the top of the agenda and suspect they are not having briefings so they do not over shadow the commemorations taking place in the tent behind me, a big international symmetry and
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23 by my count world leaders attending that and barack obama will be there aside president putin and they will say hello to each other and if they get to proper talks that is not clear and no plans for a formal sit down right now. >> thanks very much indeed. on the ground ukrainian forces fended off attack by p proseparati proseparatists and this is the second major assault on the border assault in russia and five members of ukraine forces were wounded and trucks used by separatists destroyed and by air strikes and leaving the city to escape the fighting and vladimir putin have given separatists $2 million to take children out of the city and going to the black sea port of odessa. and people in slavansk are
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leaving and blocking roads and a local hospital is treating patients with shrapnel wounds and have food and water short ings. car bombings and octob accordin young lists the death toll is 20 and injured on an army base and military post. reports say one person died overnight in benghazi and several injured in air strikes and missile attacks. egyptian -- i beg your pardon i think we may be showing the wrong picture there. now egyptian prosecutors in the trial of three al jazeera journalists demanded maximum penalty and want 7 years in jail for greste and 15 for mohamed and fahme and have been held 160 days accused of supporting the
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out lawed muslim brotherhood and al jazeera denies allegation and demands release and friday the trial was adjourned until june the 16th. in a news conference in australia greste's father said he has done nothing wrong. >> what peter wrote and reported for his current agency would not be any different if he had been reporting for the bbc or the abc or the cnn or any other news organization. his bad fortune if you like was that he simply found himself in the wrong place at the wrong time. >> reporter: another al jazeera journalist had his court hearing postponed until june 11 and held without charge since august of last year and on hunger strike
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for four months and insists he won't break his fast until he is released. it's been one year since whistleblower edward snowden did this to the united states and a campaign reset the net has tougher online protection and we report. >> reporter: in the past 12 months it's estimated roughly 432 million personal internet accounts in the united states have been hacked through cyber security breaches that is 432 million. that's why this privacy and data security expert says to protect yourself online. >> the first thing you want to do is make sure that you have antiviral software on your computer and that it's up to date and it's running. nothing is perfect because what the hackers are doing is they know what these antiviral programs do and they are trying to write programs that will come in under the radar. >> reporter: he also says avoid
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clicking on suspicious links and from unfamiliar e-mail accounts and make sure all internal security protections inside your computer, what is known as a firewall are set to high or advanced privacy settings but that is not enough and you also need to be careful how you connect to the internet if you are using a wireless connection. >> there is two ways to do it, one ways is not securely and anybody who walked down the street with a tablet or a phone says a free wi-fi connection let's connect it it and the second is securely and those are the ones you see with a lock and key on it, you want yours to be the one with the lock and key. >> reporter: with all the precautions cyber criminals search the internet looking for links to exploit and they say choose your connection carefully and use encrypted e-mail when possible but. >> there is risk with being connected to the internet and most people the benefits and being able to communicate far
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out way the risks associated with it. >> reporter: it's not enough to stop the most determined hacker but makes it harder, al jazeera, washington. >> canadian police arrested a 24-year-old man they believe killed three police officers, a manhunt for justin began in brunswick and people were advised to stay in doors while he was on the run. a shooting in seattle and he opened fire and shot four people before trying to reload his gun and he was subdued by university staff using pepper spray and police say the 26-year-old suspect appeared to act alone but had it not been for university workers it could have been much worse. >> during the incident itself the subject was armed with a shotgun and a knife. he also had additional rounds on his person and but for the great response by the people at
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seattle pacific university this incident might have been much more tragic. >> reporter: we speak to refugee council how the violence in nigeria is affecting people there and renewal and what was once the murder capitol it's now known for its innovation. ♪
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♪ hello again and the headlines on al jazeera, suicide bomber and roadside bomb struck the convoy of afghan president abdullah and he was not injured in the attack but four other people were
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killed. ♪ president of france and the united states used ceremonies to commemorate the 70 anniversary of d-day to stress their continued alliance and western leaders are still working to find a solution to end the fighting in eastern ukraine and angela merkel will meet vladimir putin later. details coming in about an attack in nigeria on wednesday which police say 42 villagers were rounded up and killed and the attack on the outskirts there happened late on wednesday and forced similar attacks on village's earlier this week in which scores of people died and a new report released by the council shows how many people affected by the conflict and finds so far this year boko haram killed at least 3300 people, 800 people everyday are forced to flee their homes and total number displaced due to
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violence in nigeria is 3.3 million and it's the fourth most violent country in the world. and i'm joined by the secretary general of the refugee council who wrote the report and thanks for joining us and taking time to talk to us and the numbers here are extraordinary, aren't they? >> they are extraordinary. it is much, much worse than we believed and i think it is just a shocking reality to the whole international community that nigeria is basically second to none now as a venue for violence, for terror against civilians and it's not only nigeria, it is also spreading to the neighboring countries and cameroon and others affected so in many ways this is a new large resistance army scorch that will, if unchecked, paralyze the whole region we , with, e nor --
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consequences. >> reporter: and they moved across borders or nigeria and what is happening to them? >> no, these are nearly all so far internally displaced. the definition of an internally displaced person is one that has been forced to flee his or her home due to violence, political violence, terror, human rights abuse, they are going to families, relatives and live in streets, there is not a lot of organized relief work for them. this staggering figure of 3.3 million accumulated since 2010 actually comes from the national refugee commission which is an official at nigerian institution and it could be even larger.
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last year alone nearly half a million people displaced, nigeria really only second now to syria, columbia and south sudan in terms of massive displacement. >> so tell me what should the international community be doing because we know there was assistance offered in the search for the missing school girls who were kidnapped by boko haram but there is clearly a much bigger problem here and what do you think the international community should be doing and is there help being requested at all by the nigerians? >> i'm not aware that nigeria is really asking for that much help from the international community. in part because this has been also a neglected problem. it's a neglected scorch of violence in a neglected part of nigeria where education and healthcare is low and living standards are really low and that is part of the problem, it has been easy for this horrific
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terror organization to recruit this affected people, so international communities put pressure on nigeria to really meet this in a more meaningful way with political, economic, developmental measures as well as law an order measures. and i think the international community must also come to the relief of those people displaced who live in miserable conditions in many places. >> tell me about the wider problem and you mentioned it's effecting countries in cameroon and places like that, what is the scale of the problem there? i know they closed their border at one point but pain us a picture of the regional implications. >> well, the boko haram has become a regional force for violence and terror. they seek refuge and safe havens in neighboring countries and seem to be bringing and kidnap
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people there and seem to be also removing people, pushing people out in neighboring countries, that is why we are sounding the alarm with this report of the internal displacement monitoring center of norwegian saying we cannot afford a large assistance type problem in the heart of africa affecting many countries. it's particularly easy to do this kind of violence against civilians going across borders seeking refuge and resupply and so on as a terror organization. >> and thank you very much indeed for taking the time to talk to us on al jazeera. the health of a u.s. soldier who was recently freed in a prisoner swap deal is said to be improving and went to great
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lengths to release berghdal and seven others are held overseas. >> before this was announced they phoned one maryland family to let them know, it was the family of warren winestein held captive. did you ask them about your husband? >> i asked them and they said they had no news. i was very happy the sergeant was released and i was very happy for his parents and after that went by it was how come my husband wasn't released too. >> reporter: warren is a husband, a dad, a grandfather. he was kidnapped from his home in pakistan nearly three years ago, just days before he was to leave the country he loved. he worked there for a u.s. government contractor helping pakistani small businesses.
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>> he just thrived on helping people. this is now the haunting image of the once lively family man, a taped released last december by his capacitors and he suffers from a heart condition and asthma will turn 73 next month. >> now, when i need my government, it seems that i have been totally abandoned. >> reporter: a state department official told al jazeera we continue to actively work with pakistani authorities to try to secure his release. but his wife and daughter wonder why he and another american kidnapped in the region, kaitlyn coleman couldn't have been part of the resent exchange. >> i mean, you left american citizens there when you had an opportunity to maybe make a
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different deal. >> reporter: bergdahl was military and seized by the taliban and he was taken in pakistan by al-qaeda, a big difference to the u.s. government but not to his family. >> a soldier left behind, what about the citizen left behind and he needs to be with his family and deserves to come home. >> reporter: the yellow ribbons in bergdahl's hometown can soon come down but not here, not yet, i'm with al jazeera, rockville, maryland. >> reporter: once had cocaine and car bombs columbia second city is on a new path to prosperity and recognized for the outstanding transformation over the past 20 years and it's a model for other cities to follow in the future and david mercer has this report from our urban pressure series. >> it's an innovative way to bring neighborhoods together and shows one way they are moving
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forward. just two decades ago the columbia city was the world's murder capitol and business is booming and drug violence can seem like a distance memory and at the heart of the change an urb urban renewal project that helped it win the city in 2013. and he is one of those leading the charge. he has created some of the city's most recognizable new landmarks and says this is only the beginning. >> translator: architecture and together with many other policies is working to reconstruct and reconnect the city. we are reconcurring public spaces and creating new symbols and it's a process of total transformation. >> it's one of the crowning achievements, when complete the 1.5 square kilometer complex will be latin america largest
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hub and the focus on innovation is paying off and since the launch four years ago two dozen international companies set up here creating hundreds of new jobs. >> translator: columbia's location and political stability and economic growth make it very attractive for investment and i don't think any other colombian city can offer any more innovation, connections, financial incentives or a more robust echo system than they can. >> reporter: but not all the problems are behind it. the city still makes the list of the world's most dangerous cities and despite transportation projects to bridge the gap between rich and poor neighborhoods like santo-domingo has drug and violence and shows inequality persists. >> translator: and it contrasts with various faces, on one hand you have people who are attached to neighborhoods even though
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they have been victims of violence and around this is a city of innovation and services but there is a price to pay which is exclusion. the victims are forgotten. >> reporter: from the most violent city on the planet to a poster child for urban renovation it has come a long way over the past few decades but for all the gangs there is still much work to be done. david mercer, al jazeera. >> the navy has rescued 2 1/2 thousand migrants from boats in 24 hours and 214 women and 157 children and a number of newborn babies and more than 40,000 migrants have crossed from north africa to italy so far this year. a woman in pakistan survived after being shot, put in a sack and thrown in a canal by her family and police say 18-year-old was attacked and shot by her father, uncle,
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brother and aunt, the attempted killing happened five days after she married her neighbor out of love. clashes in india on the 30th anniversary of a raid on separatists and groups fought with swords and spears at the temple for making a speak and they demanded their own state resulted in a thousand deaths. severe pollution in india rivers is threatening the health of millions of people as a byproduct of the growth and also damaging the economy and cleaning up the rivers would be a huge benefit to indian society but nobody is willing to take on the challenge and we report from new deli. >> the river as it flows through new deli all kinds of waste is dumped here without being treated. but like other polluted waterways in indian it doesn't start out this way. this is the river as it enters
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the city from the north and provides people with a livelihood and also come to enjoy the cool water. he has been documenting this for the past year. he says the river is always clean at this point. >> translator: it's mostly village's doing agriculture who live up stream and know the value of the river and respect it more than urban people do. >> reporter: that becomes apparent just a few kilometers downstream, industrial waste from inland areas and untreated sewage pours into the river here. in may the government shut 112 illegal drains, despite that, for the next 22 kilometers the river starts to die. >> translator: zero, the occasion of water is dead. >> reporter: it's second to improving the economy and india has seen a slow down in growth for the past few years. but this water policy expert
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says not cleaning the rivers also has economic consequences. >> for example agriculture and productivity loss and cost of water and enhanced pollution level but the real cost is on the burden of the seas which is cause for water pollution. >> reporter: those living near the river at the south end of the city where the river is dirtiest it attacks mosquitos and have malaria. >> translator: the river is dirty and stop blaming politicians, if people have a will to keep it clean then politicians will act. >> reporter: stopping this going in the river is a long way off. as this is polluted and stinking water flowing out of new deli it goes out and eventually into the gangi and this amount of pollution is normal for many of the country's waterways. in the resent election there was
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a major emphasis on reviving the economy and that means reviving india's rivers will big neared. i'm with al jazeera new deli. >> reporter: and you can watch al jazeera on line, the address is al even in the teeth since the worst recession. college tuition and fees public and private kept raising faster than the cost of everything else. as undergraduating high schoolers have been picking colleges education change lives but so does college debt. it is the inside story.
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hello. i am ray swarez. college and university tuitions have soared. much faster than consumer prices much fatter than the cost of houses, much faster than the wages of american families, so that old reassurancing optimistic idea, going into debt for a good college education would pay back the borrower many times over, that theory is getting a second look. it is unquestionable but even during economic crisis and years of slow growth, college graduates did better than people with some college or just a high school diploma, but student students and fr families now have to take a tougher look at costs. dream school verses affordable, public verses private. two years after community college, veries four years at a residential program, when the diploma will look the same to the
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world, value verses perceptions of value, it's real, and it's forcing tough choices on families that would otherwise be happy to reward their hardworking high schooler. >> high school senior of epicenterville virginia will head to radford this fall, the first in her family to go to college. >> i got the reeled folder and it was crazy, i started crying, my mom says why are you crying what happened and i tell her the big news, and she just jumps and down. >> the daughter of two immigrants she says not going to college was never really an option. >> i know i want to get my education higher than my father did, so i won't have to struggle. >> but early in the application process, it became clear she didn't just need good grades to go on, but money too. and a lot of it. >> as soon as i started applying to different colleges and i saw tuition, it just made me feel kind of disappointed. knowing that other
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students have the ability to just be like i quantity with that one. o no, i don't like that one, i want that one. and me i just felt weird, because i had to limit my choices. >> gonzales has dreams of studying at old dominion, instead it has become an all out family afford to pay for her third choice. >> my dad has two full time jobs one at wal-mart deli and the other one at rudy's for the airport. so i think he just -- every time he get as paycheck, he will just divide it between the bills and -- i also plan on doing work study at radford, so i will working while i'm at school. >> most college students share her story, the average student loan debt at graduation topped $29,000. that's nearly double what seniors owed in 1989, according to the college board, this average cost for tuition and fees were
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30,094, at private colleges, 8,893, and 22,203 for out of stage residents at public colleges. and being in the red is not just an individual problem, but an evolving national one. collectively student loan debt is more than $1 trillions. a recent report by the policy organization says rising tuition fees are linked to state funding wases in public colleges. a consequence of the great recession. it is cuts in state funding that has been the major cause. students are correctly paying the costs and they are doing so at the worst times in their lived. >> 49 states have seen an arrange cut of 27% per student.
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to cover operational overhead, meaning while students pay more, it doesn't necessarily translate into better quality chiefing. the results millions of 20 something's enter the economy immediately cash strapped unable to spend money on much else other than their student loans. hilton smith called it a new debt for diploma system. >> the student whose are paying 300, or $500 a month, towards relewissing their debt, that's 300-dollar as month they could be spending on a down payment on a house, or a new car, or these other ink thises that would go and recirculate bam into the economy. >> the rules make it very difficult to forgive debt through bankruptcy, so when they default, it sets off a visual penalty. that make a bad situation worse. >> i have no retirement fund. no savings. >> she saw going into default first hand.
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after earning a bachelors degree in your honor limit, a master in international relations she graduated college $80,000 in the red. >> i just ignored it. and it was a big mistake to ignore it. >> when she decided to face reality, she was smacked with an ugly truth. >> i signed into my account, and i took a look, and it was $92,000. she moved back in with her parents got a bar job and starting paying back her debts. >> how do i get that seven to a six, it became a game to me. >> today she is carrying less than $20,000 debt, but at the experience of not spending money on anything else. stories like hers weigh heavily on high school seniors like karen gonzales. >> i really am scared for my father, i hardly see him now, and the factually be going away, i won't see him as much, it just feel like he isn't telling me oh i can't do it. by maybe the third or
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fourth year, i think he would just give up. it is so much money. so i guess right now, we are just trying to save as much as we can. >> demos estimated young households will see a cumulative wealth loss of more than $200,000 in their lifetime. compared to those without any education debt. hinders long term after making an early investment in their adulthoods. as college costs have continued to climb, even higher income families have begun wondering out loud if cheaper college might be a better choice than zenith university, in large measure because it is cheaper and won't burden the young adult with debt, the modern market in higher ed, this time on inside story. joining us for that conversation, the former chancellor. the director of college counseling at the green hills school in dallas
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texas. and from new york, a correspondent for al jazeera america real money with ali velshi. let me start with you. since is you have seen fit the inside. tell the people who are watch withing why it is that tuitions have risen so fast. what is driving those costs. >> well, as in your set up piece, the biggest single factor increasing student tuition rates at public university is the decline in state support for those universities. in fact.
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a major way the university has to make up for that, is to increase the tuition, now, at the same time they are most universities are getting more and more sensitive to the impact this has on students and so they will often have a skull min nation of an increase in tuition, and a some form of cuts within the university to try to decrease overall expenses. >> were there no other choices as add inning stray tors like jouster look t a what can be done to economize what can go first. was tuition really the only fall back position for closing what could be a budget deficit? is. >> there are -- >> it depends on the magnitude of the deficit there are opportunities quarterback universities and i think you can encompass them in the concept of focusing on student first. that is that as you make decisions on expenditures
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you ensure that your first priority is for the students because after all these days the whole equation is flipped. it used to be in public university is support pays for most of it, today it's the students tuition that's paying for the majority, so in that frame work. it is important for the universities to fee cous on expenditures that enhance and improve, and sustain the student experience as students. that means that sometimes some of the other programs and in additions at universities have taken on, may have to either be diminished or fall by the wayside as one foe discusses on the student.
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whys to fay for college, and what that might mean. >> does that mean hardnosessed decisions? are the parents saying about school a, dream school a, the one the kid happen president shooting for, no, i am sorry you are not going there. >> absolutely. and i think more and more families are having that very real conversation. i can recall a moment this year, when i heard a group of seniors and one
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girl said to a boy i am so proud of you for getting into college x, are you so excited, he said no i am going to college y, the girl was surprised oh that's your dream, college y gave me the best money, and now that's my dream school. more and more students. >> when we look at the way markets work, there was an idea that specifically this was going to hit the wall. that families were with going to say oh no, i am sorry, we just aren't going to intend that money, but it didn't happen. the college more like buying a luxury car than it is like choosing between two kinds of detergent? >> college is the ticket to the middle class. and the fact is, all the studies show if you go to college, and earn a degree, you will make more than a high school graduate, and that's why people keep paying to play if you will. but these huge student loan get burdens are having a severe knock on
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effect on to our economy. and one of the ways i like to dry it is you have to think of our commit as ecosystem. and young people are the plank ten. and when we crush them with with debt, we with deny them the choice to participate in our economy in a meaningful way. and by that i mean consumer spending. and the knock on effect that can have. for example, single family homes now ewith aren't sees as many of them built. and there are studying that show that 30-year-old that carry debt are buying homes. that creates three to four more jobs for people who sell goods to go in that home. you can see that student debt is not just having an impact on student debtors but all of us. >> we will take a short break, and when we with come back, we will talk more about college education, and the marketplace, what
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decisions are families making, what's driving them. this is inside story.
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welcome back to inside story. today on the program, not going to college verses not going, the value of higher education in young americans is pretty well demonstrated. but how much should price guide a family's decision, when and whether a family should give into the longshorished dream of a particular school and when other options and there are almost always other options should get a second look. does anybody talk to teenagers about what the consequences are of taking a loan to go to college? how the interest accrued, how payments grow over time. between the ages of 18
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and 23. >> if you look at students most of the loans will tell you that knob told them about any way of how the numbers add up. what repayments may cost, in relation to your fist job salary. i can tell you there's a lot of efforts being made, but what we hear is that no one informed them of what these loans could do to them in the future. are there better tools out there for decision making around picking a college? >> well, financial literacy is definitely one component of the answer to that question. a lot of kids don't know what they are facing and a lot face sticker shock. maybe it's time to start educating kids about college costs in junior high school.
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it is a very fine balancing act. you don't want to scare kids you want to endoubling therm to get a higher education, because they will be better off in the end, but at the same time, it is that balancing act, of preparing them for the bill coming down the line. the incentives often work across. maybe you out to work, but it is my impression, and i have seen varying stats on this, that kids that work more, take long tore finish. >> it is correct. when i hear people say i work my way through college, why can't students do the same. when some are topping out at 60,000 a year, how do you expect an 18-year-old to work their way through edge which.
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yes, every study shows if a student is spending time working to pay for their education, that's time away from their academics and it takes them longer to graduate, and less likery to graduate as welt. just a few moments ago, you were telling us how reductions in state support have driven up costs. haven't this gap am strengthened public education's hand? don't you have more customers because you are a better priced product? je, you do, not all of course, but many public universities particularly those that are perceived as being high value, you can see substantial increase in the last several years. in the interest in those institutions. and that comes in the form of increased applications. and there's been a
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response to increase enrollment, to try to meet those needs. mrs., however, a hidden problem in all of that. that is so the cost of educating a student, while mostly bourn by the student, is not entirely bourn by the student. that it has to find other sources to pay for in the time of declining state support. that means there's a real scramble that increasing enrollment doesn't increase your overall budget in terms of being able to support the university activities. so increasing enrollment in response to that very increase in the public institutions for the reasons you have described.
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rah there things being put in place, market forces or loan programs or waying of cutting the costs that may bring relief to american families. this is inside story. tomorrow on techknow. the earthquake business, it's similar to the weather business. understanding our earth. but everything happens faster. limiting disaster. these are the guts of the early warning system. saving lives. having 30 seconds of advanced warning is like a lifetime. techknow, every saturday go where science meets humanity. this is some of the best driving i've ever done, even thought i can't see. techknow. we're here in the vortex. tomorrow night, 7:30 eastern. only on al jazeera america. rs ,
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a smarter start to your day. mornings on al jazeera america
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>> it was here on these shores that the tide was turned in that common struggle for freedom. what more powerful manifestation of america's commitment to human freedom than the sight of wave after wave after wave of young men boarding those boats to liberate theme they had never met.